Green Pitcher Plant - National Park Service

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National Park Service

Little River Canyon National Preserve

Green Pitcher Plant

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Endangered species found at Little River Canyon National Preserve

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Green Pitcher Plant 

Endangered species are very close to becoming extinct. This species was put on the endangered species list on September 21, 1979.



Extinct is when no more of that species is living and reproducing The dinosaur is extinct.

Little River Canyon National Preserve

National Park Service

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Green Pitcher Plant 

Their habitat including hardwood or pine flatwoods, seepage bogs, and stream banks. Fire plays a major role in enhancing the habitat and increasing the populations in the preserve.



A habitat is an environment where a plant or animal lives.

Little River Canyon National Preserve

National Park Service

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Green Pitcher Plant  





The plants reproduce two ways (seeds & cloning). Seeds. Insects pollinate the flower of the plant. If conditions are right, the seed produces a new Green Pitcher Plant. The most common way the plant reproduces is by cloning. The roots of the plant are close to the top of the ground, so it simply makes another plant from the root. Cloning is the process of producing a genetically identical copy.

Little River Canyon National Preserve

National Park Service

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Green Pitcher Plant 







It is a carnivorous perennial (lives more than 2 years) herb with yellowish-green, hollow, pitchershaped leaves. The pitchers contain liquid and enzymes which help the plant digest insects that climb or fall into the plant. Short, stiff hairs inside the pitcher pointing downwards allow insects into the plant but prevent them from crawling out. Carnivorous plants are plants that get some or most of their nutrients from trapping and digesting insects. Little River Canyon National Preserve

National Park Service

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National Park Service

Green Pitcher Plant 



The lid or hood is at the top of the plant. It’s purpose is to prevent too much rain water from diluting the enzymes in the pitcher. The main body is the pitcher shaped tube. The plant produces a nectar that entices insects inside the pitcher. The insects become trapped and are digested by enzymes. The pitcher ranges from 8-30 inches tall and has purple veins.



Basal leaves are shorter flat sickle shaped leaves at the bottom of the plant.



A basal leaf is one that grows from the lowest part of the stem.

Little River Canyon National Preserve

Lid or hood

pitcher

Basal leaves

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National Park Service

Green Pitcher Plant Stem Sepal

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The color of the flowers vary. (green, yellow or yellow-green) The blooms appear in mid spring and continue into late spring. The stem is long and narrow. There are five sepals and five petals. The style is shaped like an upsidedown umbrella. It holds the pollen. Pollen is a fine to coarse powder containing the seeds of the plant.

Style

Petals

Little River Canyon National Preserve

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National Park Service

Green Pitcher Plant 

Classification

Kingdom – Plantae – Plants Subkingdom – Tracheobionta - Vascular Plants Superdivision – Spermatophyta – Seed Plants Division – Magnoliophyta – Flowering Plants Class – Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass – Dillenidae Order – Nepenthales Family – Sarraceniaceae – Pitcher Plant Family Genus – Sarracenia L. – Pitcher Plant Species – Sarracenia oreophila – Green Pitcher Plant

Little River Canyon National Preserve

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Green Pitcher Plant - National Park Service

National Park Service Little River Canyon National Preserve Green Pitcher Plant 1 Endangered species found at Little River Canyon National Preserv...

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