Coastal Plain (U.S. National Park Service)

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Series: Physiographic Provinces

Coastal Plain Province

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NPS Geodiversity Atlas— Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, Minnesota (/articles/nps-geodiversityatlas-mississippi-nationalriver-and-recreation-areaminnesota.htm?

utm_source=article&utm_medium=website&utm_c Microplastics Are Everywhere! (/articles/microplasticseverywhere-in-the-great-lakesnetwork.htm?

utm_source=article&utm_medium=website&utm_c 2015 Recipients: George and Helen Hartzog Awards for Outstanding Volunteer Service (/articles/2015-hartzogwinners.htm? Cape Cod National Seashore, MA

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NPS photo

The Coastal Plain province, the flattest province, stretches over 3,540 km (2,200 mi) from Cape Cod to the Mexican border. The plain slopes gently seaward from the inland highlands in a series of terraces. This gentle slope continues far into the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico, forming the continental shelf.

Orville Wright (/people/orvillewright.htm?

utm_source=person&utm_medium=website&utm_c Wilbur Wright

This region was formed during the breakup of the supercontinent Pangea in the early Mesozoic Era.

(/people/wilburwright.htm?

From about 280-230 million years ago, (Late Paleozoic Era until the Late Triassic) the continent we

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now know as North America was connected with Africa, South America, and Europe.

John Gross Barnard

As Pangea broke apart, rifting began as magma welled up through the weakness in the crust and created a volcanic rift zone. The rift between the spreading continents gradually grew to form a new

(/people/john-grossbarnard.htm?

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ocean basin, the Atlantic. The rift zone known as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge continues to provide the raw volcanic materials for the still expanding ocean basin. As the edge of North America moved away from the hot rift zone, it began to cool and subside beneath the new Atlantic Ocean. This once-active divergent plate boundary became the passive, trailing edge of westward moving North America. In

General Oliver Otis Howard

plate tectonic terms, the Coastal Plain is a classic example of a passive continental margin.

House (/places/general-oliver-

The Coastal Plain is divided into six sections:

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East Gulf Coastal Plain (Map

Kennedy Farm

(http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/49202A9C-1DD8-

(/places/kennedy-farm.htm?

B71B-0B471F12D5641328/49202A9C-1DD8-B71B-0B471F12D5641328-large.jpg))

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Embayed section (Map (http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/4923233B-1DD8B71B-0B1B978BB20ACFFE/4923233B-1DD8-B71B-0B1B978BB20ACFFE-large.jpg)) Floridian section (Map (http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/492853C7-1DD8B71B-0BD2AAFA72AB380E/492853C7-1DD8-B71B-0BD2AAFA72AB380E-large.jpg)) Mississippi Alluvial Plain (Map (http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/4931654B-1DD8B71B-0B12445AEA1D1F68/4931654B-1DD8-B71B-0B12445AEA1D1F68-large.jpg)) Sea Island section (Map (http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/4953BDAD-1DD8B71B-0B86D3AC84F0286B/4953BDAD-1DD8-B71B-0B86D3AC84F0286B-large.jpg)) West Gulf Coastal Plain (Map (http://www.nps.gov/common/uploads/photogallery/nri/park/geology/4965FC4F-1DD8B71B-0B616E32BE06AA96/4965FC4F-1DD8-B71B-0B616E32BE06AA96-large.jpg)) Return (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/physiographic-provinces.htm) to Physiographic Provinces

American Alligator in Everglades National Park NPS photo/Rodney Cammauf

Coastal Plains Parks Related Links NPS—Geoscience Concepts (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geologyconcepts.htm) NPS—Geologic Tour (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geologic-tour.htm) NPS—Geodiversity Atlas (http://www.nps.gov/articles/series.htm?id=E6B9E368-1DD8B71B-0B63AA49B7091501) NPS—Geology (http://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/index.htm)

Series: Physiographic Provinces Next Chapter: Colorado Plateaus Province (coloradoplateaus.htm) Previous Chapter: Central Lowland Province (centrallowlandprovince.htm) Series Home (/articles/series.htm?id=12C422BC-1DD8-B71B-0B1552CA902E5909)

Kill Devil Hills (/places/killdevilhills.htm?

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Tags: geology (/media/article-search.htm?q=geology) Physiographic Province (/media/article-search.htm?q=Physiographic Province) Mississippi River (/media/article-search.htm?q=Mississippi River) coast (/media/article-search.htm?q=coast) Wright Brothers (/media/article-search.htm?q=Wright Brothers) New Orleans (/media/article-search.htm?q=New Orleans) Civil War (/media/article-search.htm?q=Civil War) Everglades (/media/article-search.htm?q=Everglades) Georgia (/media/article-search.htm?q=Georgia) Arkansas (/media/article-search.htm?q=Arkansas) maryland (/media/article-search.htm?q=maryland) Virginia (/media/article-search.htm?q=Virginia) Florida (/media/article-search.htm?q=Florida) Texas (/media/article-search.htm?q=Texas) Mississippi (/media/article-search.htm?q=Mississippi) Louisiana (/media/article-search.htm?q=Louisiana) Massachusetts (/media/article-search.htm?q=Massachusetts) North Carolina (/media/article-search.htm?q=North Carolina) South Carolina (/media/article-search.htm?q=South Carolina) New York (/media/article-search.htm?q=New York) New Jersey (/media/article-search.htm?q=New Jersey) District of Columbia (/media/article-search.htm?q=District of Columbia)

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Coastal Plain (U.S. National Park Service)

National Park Service(/) Series: Physiographic Provinces Coastal Plain Province Search All Articles... Go! NPS Geodiversity Atlas— Mississippi Na...

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